London Down Under, by Roff Smith, photographs by Simon Norfolk
Okay, so cities build on top of the remains of previous generations. In London Down Under (more on my reaction to that title later), we are told that the old layers of London go down 30 feet. I would assume that the materials the higher levels are built from came from outside the city and thus the city itself is getting more prominent. If this happens in all cities, would the planet actually kind of start getting bigger? You can tell I didn’t sleep well last night. I’m still a little loopy.
London was always one of the places I’ve wanted to visit, and when I had my cancer, I didn’t want to die without having been to the UK, London in particular, so we went. It took a toll on our credit cards, but it was worth it. I loved London and would love to go back someday.
London Down Under is about the archaeological digs that they are doing in London, the things they are finding, and how, contrary to what you might have expected, the dampness of London is actually protecting the artifacts. One of the archaeologists that Smith interviews, Sadie Watson, says that items that would have rotted away centuries ago. I’m trying to figure out how that would even work. I can find references to how salt water preserves artifacts, but not fresh water, like that of the Thames and the underground rivers such as the Walbrook. The water would make an anaerobic environment, but that would still leave anaerobic organisms, and anaerobic organisms can break things down. That is the source of fermentation, after all — fungi breaking down carbohydrates in an anaerobic environment.
Now to my issue with the title. “Down Under” generally means “Australia,” or, rarely “New Zealand” or, even more rarely, someplace like Chile, Argentina. I haven’t been able to find one dictionary that defines the term as “subterranean.”
The Changing Face of Saudi Women, by Cynthia Gorney photographs by Lynsey Addaria
Gorney and Addaria travel into the world of the women of Saudia Arabia. And I use the term “world” intentionally. Saudi Arabia is one of the most, if not the most, sexually segregated countries in the world. Women have different places to sit in restaurants, different lines at the grocery store, and entirely separate areas of the shopping mall. Not that men are forbidden entirely in some of these places but the only men who are allowed there are husbands or immediate family members of the women in question.
Apparently, some of the women of Saudi Arabia, at least, don’t see their segregation as creating a female ghetto but rather as a safe space rather like women-only colleges and universities. Women got the right to vote in 2015, the same year that women were first allowed to be members of the Consultative Assembly, which is, from what I can tell, more or less like a combination of Congress (in that they draft laws) and the President’s Cabinet (in that they are merely advisory and don’t make the actual decisions) in the United States. But Saudi women still cannot drive in Saudi Arabia. Some women drive outside the country, and it apparently is pretty common for cars to stop just over the border into Bahrain and for the woman to take over driving. So, when women do get the ability to drive legally in Saudi Arabia, at least some won’t need to be taught.
For the entertainment value, I went to look at the King Fahd Causeway, which links Saudi Arabia to Bahrain, on Google Earth to see if I could see any cars doing this, and there definitely appears to be a car on the shoulder just past Bahrain Passport Control. Maybe that car wasn’t switching drivers, but just maybe it was.
Midnight Slalom, by Jeremy Berlin, photographs by Oskar Enander
Midnight Slalom is a short piece with accompanying photographs about a 2014 nighttime shoot of skiers on the slopes of mountains in Alaska and British Columbia. The pictures are breathtaking.